Chick-embryo DNA polymerase gamma. Identity of gamma-polymerases purified from nuclei and mitochondria.


The level of DNA polymerase gamma as compared to DNA polymerases alpha ...
The level of DNA polymerase gamma as compared to DNA polymerases alpha and beta has been determined in chick embryo by means of specific tests: the amount of gamma-polymerase in the 12-day-old chick embryo reaches about 15% of the total polymerase activity. This enzyme is mainly localized in nuclei and mitochondria, where it represents the prevailing if not the unique DNA polymerase activity. The mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma is likely to be associated with the internal membrane or the matrix of this organelle since it is not removed by digitonin treatment. The gamma-polymerases have been purified from chick embryo nuclei and mitochondria 500-700 times by means of DEAE-cellulose, phosphocellulose and hydroxyapatite chromatographies. The purified mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma is closely related to the homologous enzyme purified from the nuclei of the same cells. So far, they cannot be distinguished on the basis of their sedimentation, catalytical properties and response to inhibitors or denaturating agents. The purified gamma enzymes are distinct from the chick embryo DNA polymerases alpha and beta and are not inhibited by antibodies prepared against the latter enzymes. The nuclear and mitochondrial gamma-polymerases do not respond to the oncogenic RNA virus DNA polymerase assay with natural mRNAs.



Historical Protein Properties (MW, pI, ...)


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