NMR studies of conformations and interactions of substrates and ribonucleotide templates bound to the large fragment of DNA polymerase I.

Biochemistry (1986), Volume 25, Page 5131

Abstract:

The large fragment of DNA polymerase I (Pol I) effectively uses oligoribouridylates and oligoriboadenylates as templates, with kinetic properties similar to those of poly(U) and poly(A), respectively, and has little or no activity in degrading them. In the presence of such oligoribonucleotide templates, nuclear Overhauser effects (NOE's) were used to determine interproton distances within and conformations of substrates bound to the large fragment of Pol I, as well as conformations and interactions of the enzyme-bound templates. In the enzyme-oligo(rU)54 +/- 11-Mg2+dATP complex, the substrate dATP has a high anti-glycosidic torsional angle (chi = 62 +/- 10 degrees) and an O1'-endo/C3'-endo sugar pucker (delta = 90 +/- 10 degrees) differing only slightly from those previously found for enzyme-bound dATP in the absence of template [Ferrin, L.J., & Mildvan, A.S. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 4680-4694]. Both conformations are similar to those of deoxynucleotidyl units of B DNA but differ greatly from those of A or Z DNA. The conformation of the enzyme-bound substrate analogue AMPCPP (chi = 50 +/- 10 degrees, delta = 90 +/- 10 degrees) is very similar to that of enzyme-bound dATP and is unaltered by the binding of the template oligo(rU)54 +/- 11 or by the subsequent binding of the primer (Ap)9A. In the enzyme-oligo(rA)50-Mg2+TTP complex, the substrate TTP has an anti-glycosidic torsional angle (chi = 40 +/- 10 degrees) and an O1'-endo sugar pucker (delta = 100 +/- 10 degrees), indistinguishable from those found in the absence of template and compatible with those of B DNA but not with those of A or Z DNA. In the absence of templates, the interproton distances on enzyme-bound dGTP cannot be fit by a single conformation but require a 40% contribution from a syn structure (chi = 222 degrees) and a 60% contribution from one or more anti structures. The presence of the template oligo(rU)43 +/- 9 simplifies the conformation of enzyme-bound dGTP to a single structure with an anti-glycosyl angle (chi = 32 +/- 10 degrees) and an O1'-endo/C3'-endo sugar pucker (delta = 90 +/- 10 degrees), compatible with those of B DNA, possibly due to the formation of a G-U wobble base pair. However, no significant misincorporation of guanine deoxynucleotides by the enzyme is detected with oligo(rU) as template.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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