DNA polymerase bypass in vitro and in E. coli of a C-nucleotide analogue of Fapy-dG.


Bypass of the configurationally stable analogue (beta-C-Fapy x dG) of ...
Bypass of the configurationally stable analogue (beta-C-Fapy x dG) of the formamidopyrimidine lesion derived from 2'-deoxyguanosine oxidation (Fapy x dG) was studied in vitro and in Escherichia coli. The exonuclease deficient Klenow fragment of E. coli DNA polymerase I (Klenow exo(-)) misincorporated dA most frequently opposite beta-C-Fapy x dG, but its efficiency was <0.2% of dC insertion. Klenow exo(-) fidelity was enhanced by the enzyme's high selectivity for extending duplexes only when dC was opposite beta-C-Fapy x dG. The expectations raised by these in vitro data were realized when beta-C-Fapy x dG replication was studied in E. coli by transfecting M13mp7(L2) bacteriophage DNA containing the nucleotide analogue within the lacZ gene in 4 local sequence contexts. The bypass efficiency of beta-C-Fapy x dG varied between 45% and 70% compared to a genome containing only native nucleotides. Mutation frequencies at the site of the lesions in the originally transfected genomes were determined using the REAP assay [Delaney, J. C.; Essigmann, J. M. Methods Enzymol.2006, 408, 1]. The levels of mutations could not be distinguished between those observed when genomes containing native nucleotides were replicated, indicating that the mutagenicity of beta-C-Fapy x dG was <1%. These data and previous reports indicate that beta-C-Fapy x dG is a good model of Fapy x dG in E. coli. In addition, these results and the previous report of beta-C-Fapy x dG binding to the base excision repair protein formamidopyrimidine glycosylase suggest that this analogue could be useful as a DNA repair inhibitor.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.