A dideoxynucleotide-sensitive DNA polymerase activity characterized from endoreduplicating cells of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) during ontogeny of cotyledons.


Within this work we describe the purification and biochemical ...
Within this work we describe the purification and biochemical characterization of a ddNTP-sensitive DNA polymerase purified from mungbean (Vigna radiata cv B1, L.) seeds at 18 days after fertilization, when > 70% of the nuclei are reported to be in the endoreduplicated state. The purified enzyme is a single polypeptide of 62 kDa and many of its physicochemical properties are similar to those of mammalian DNA polymerase beta. Similar to the other X-family DNA polymerases, it lacks 3'-5' exonuclease activity and has short gap-filling and strand-displacement activity. The enzyme shows moderately processive DNA synthesis on a single-strand template. The determined N-terminal heptapeptide sequence of the enzyme showed clear homology with helix 1 of the N-terminal single strand DNA-binding domain (residues 32-41) of rat and human DNA polymerase beta. These results represent the first evidence for the identification and characterization of a ddNTP-sensitive DNA polymerase expressed during the endoreduplication cycle that shares biochemical and immunological similarity with mammalian DNA polymerase beta.




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