A dideoxynucleotide-sensitive DNA polymerase activity characterized from endoreduplicating cells of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.) during ontogeny of cotyledons.

Abstract:

Within this work we describe the purification and biochemical characterization of a ddNTP-sensitive DNA polymerase purified from mungbean (Vigna radiata cv B1, L.) seeds at 18 days after fertilization, when > 70% of the nuclei are reported to be in the endoreduplicated state. The purified enzyme is a single polypeptide of 62 kDa and many of its physicochemical properties are similar to those of mammalian DNA polymerase beta. Similar to the other X-family DNA polymerases, it lacks 3'-5' exonuclease activity and has short gap-filling and strand-displacement activity. The enzyme shows moderately processive DNA synthesis on a single-strand template. The determined N-terminal heptapeptide sequence of the enzyme showed clear homology with helix 1 of the N-terminal single strand DNA-binding domain (residues 32-41) of rat and human DNA polymerase beta. These results represent the first evidence for the identification and characterization of a ddNTP-sensitive DNA polymerase expressed during the endoreduplication cycle that shares biochemical and immunological similarity with mammalian DNA polymerase beta.

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