Expression and purification of recombinant Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus DNA polymerase using a Baculovirus vector system.


The DNA polymerase (POL) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ...
The DNA polymerase (POL) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is essential for viral DNA replication and, thus, may be considered as a viable target for anti-KSHV therapeutics. To produce large quantities of homogeneous and pure POL required for high-throughput screening (HTS) for inhibitors, we generated a recombinant baculovirus vector encoding a hexahistidine (His6)-tagged POL and infected Spodoptera frugiperda Sf-9 insect cells. High expression of recombinant POL (rPOL) was achieved for up to 72h post-infection. The rPOL was solubilized in lysis buffer containing 0.3% Cymal-5 detergent, purified by metal-chelating and dsDNA-cellulose affinity chromatography, and analyzed by anti-His antibody Western blot and mass spectrometry. The functionality of rPOL was confirmed by its DNA synthesis activity in vitro, which was effectively blocked by the anti-herpetic DNA polymerase inhibitors, foscarnet and cidofovir diphosphate, in a dose-dependent manner. The POL expressed and purified from the recombinant baculovirus-infected insect cells may be useful toward the development of HTS of large chemical libraries to identify novel KSHV DNA polymerase inhibitors.




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