Preferential interaction of loach DNA polymerase delta with DNA duplexes containing single-stranded gaps.

Abstract:

We studied the interaction of DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) purified from the eggs of the teleost fish Misgurnus fossilis (loach) with DNA duplexes containing single-stranded gaps of 1-13 nucleotides (nt). In the absence of processivity factors (PCNA, RF-C, and ATP), pol delta elongated primers on single-stranded DNA templates in a distributive manner. However, the enzyme was capable of processive synthesis by filling gaps of 5-9 nt in DNA duplexes. These data suggest that, upon filling a small gap, pol delta interacts with the 5'-terminus downstream of the gap as well as with the 3'-terminus of the primer. Interaction of pol delta with the proximal 5'-terminus restricting the gap was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Analysis of the enzyme binding to DNA duplexes containing gaps of various sizes showed a much higher affinity of pol delta for duplexes with gaps of about 10 nt than for DNA substrates with primers annealed to single-stranded templates. The most efficient pol delta binding was observed in experiments with DNA substrates containing unpaired 3'-tails in primers. The data obtained suggest that DNA molecules with small gaps and single-stranded tails may serve as substrates for direct action of pol delta in the course of DNA repair.

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