Purification of Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus DNA polymerase from infected insect cells.

The Journal of general virology (1999), Volume 80 ( Pt 9), Page 2519

Abstract:

Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) DNA polymerase was purified from virus-infected cells using conventional chromatographic methods. The enzymatic activity of fractions eluting from single-stranded agarose gels was found to exactly coincide with a single polypeptide with an apparent molecular mass of approximately 110,000 Da on denaturing polyacrylamide gels stained with Coomassie blue. This purification scheme resulted in a 228-fold purification of AcMNPV DNA polymerase with recovery of 3.5% of the initial activity. The specific activity of the most purified fraction of DNA polymerase was 5000 units/mg, which is sufficiently high to eliminate the possibility that contaminants significantly contribute to the polymerase activity. Preparations of purified DNA polymerase had 3'-5' exonuclease activity, but no 5'-3' exonuclease activity. The proofreading activity was apparently an intrinsic property of the enzyme as the ratio of nuclease activity to polymerase activity was constant throughout purification. Using a singly-primed M13 DNA template, RF-II DNA was detected within 3 min, indicating a polymerization rate of 40 nt/s. The effects of several DNA polymerase inhibitors on the enzymatic activity of purified DNA polymerase were also determined.

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