DNA polymerase II (polB) is involved in a new DNA repair pathway for DNA interstrand cross-links in Escherichia coli.


DNA-DNA interstrand cross-links are the cytotoxic lesions for many ...
DNA-DNA interstrand cross-links are the cytotoxic lesions for many chemotherapeutic agents. A plasmid with a single nitrogen mustard (HN2) interstrand cross-link (inter-HN2-pTZSV28) was constructed and transformed into Escherichia coli, and its replication efficiency (RE = [number of transformants from inter-HN2-pTZSV28]/[number of transformants from control]) was determined to be approximately 0.6. Previous work showed that RE was high because the cross-link was repaired by a pathway involving nucleotide excision repair (NER) but not recombination. (In fact, recombination was precluded because the cells do not receive lesion-free homologous DNA.) Herein, DNA polymerase II is shown to be in this new pathway, since the replication efficiency (RE) is higher in a polB+ ( approximately 0. 6) than in a DeltapolB (approximately 0.1) strain. Complementation with a polB+-containing plasmid restores RE to wild-type levels, which corroborates this conclusion. In separate experiments, E. coli was treated with HN2, and the relative sensitivity to killing was found to be as follows: wild type < polB < recA < polB recA approximately uvrA. Because cells deficient in either recombination (recA) or DNA polymerase II (polB) are hypersensitive to nitrogen mustard killing, E. coli appears to have two pathways for cross-link repair: an NER/recombination pathway (which is possible when the cross-links are formed in cells where recombination can occur because there are multiple copies of the genome) and an NER/DNA polymerase II pathway. Furthermore, these results show that some cross-links are uniquely repaired by each pathway. This represents one of the first clearly defined pathway in which DNA polymerase II plays a role in E. coli. It remains to be determined why this new pathway prefers DNA polymerase II and why there are two pathways to repair cross-links.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.