Effects of a high-affinity antibody fragment on DNA polymerase reactions near a (6-4) photoproduct site.

Abstract:

Pyrimidine (6-4) pyrimidone photodimers are major photoproducts that have mutagenic and carcinogenic consequences. One major reason for these biological effects of (6-4) photoproducts may be base mispairing/DNA replication errors due to hydrogen bonding to bases opposite these damaged sites. We synthesized a modified 41-mer DNA containing a (6-4) photoproduct using a preformed building block, then employed it as a template for primer extension reactions catalyzed by Klenow fragment and DNA polymerases alpha, beta and delta (pol alpha, pol beta and pol delta). None of these DNA polymerases were able to bypass the (6-4) photoproduct and elongation terminated at or near the 3'-pyrimidone of the photoproduct, depending on the dNTP concentration. When a single-chain Fv (scFv) with high affinity for the (6-4) photoproduct was included in the polymerization reaction, DNA synthesis was inhibited at base positions four, six, eight or eight nucleotides prior to the 3'-pyrimidone by Klenow fragment, pol alpha, pol beta or pol delta, respectively. These results suggest that the scFv can bind to the template DNA containing a (6-4) photoproduct and inhibit extension reactions by polymerases.

Polymerases:

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