Mutagenesis of a highly conserved lysine 340 of the PRD1 DNA polymerase.

Abstract:

All known family B DNA polymerases contain a conserved region of amino acids, KX6-7YG, which appears to be correspond to the 'finger' alpha helix O of the Klenow fragment of E. coli DNA polymerase I, a family A DNA polymerase. Toward the goal of establishing the evolutionary relationship between the family A and B DNA polymerases, we have employed site-directed mutagenesis to access the functional role of the invariant amino acid lysine-340 of the PRD1 DNA polymerase. We have replaced the lysine-340 with three amino acids: histidine, asparagine and glutamic acid, respectively. Mutant DNA polymerases were overexpressed and purified to near homogeneity. Our results showed that the modification of the lysine-340 of the PRD1 DNA polymerase abolishes the polymerase activity without affecting the 3' to 5' exonuclease activity. These results support the proposal that the KX6-7YG motif of the family B DNA polymerases may be analogous to the KX7YG motif of the family A DNA polymerases, suggesting that two family DNA polymerases share a common ancestor.

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