Characterization of the DNA-dependent ATPase and a DNA unwinding activity associated with the yeast DNA polymerase alpha complex.

Biswas EE, Ewing CM, Biswas SB
Biochemistry (1993), Volume 32, Page 3020
PubMed entry


We have analyzed the ATPase and dATPase activities associated with the ...
We have analyzed the ATPase and dATPase activities associated with the yeast DNA polymerase alpha complex. The ATPase/dATPase was primarily a single-stranded DNA-dependent ATPase. Analysis of the stimulatory effect of a large number of DNA substrates demonstrated that polynucleotides longer than 60 nucleotides (nts) had the maximal effect. The stimulation by oligonucleotides smaller than 60 nts, in general, decreased proportionally with decreased length of the oligomer. Poly- or oligopyrimidines were twice as stimulatory as the poly- or oligopurines of the same length. In addition to DNA, replication protein A (RP-A), a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) binding protein, also stimulated the ATPase activity. Photo-cross-linking of the ATP binding component of the pol alpha complex to [alpha-32P]ATP at 0 degree C resulted in the exclusive labeling of a 90-kDa polypeptide. The labeling was inhibited by ATP and dATP but not by any other ribo- or deoxynucleotides, which suggest that the 90-kDa polypeptide is specific for ATP/dATP binding and possibly the active site for the ATPase/dATPase. We have also reported here a novel DNA unwinding activity associated with the multiprotein complex of DNA polymerase alpha. The complex was able to unwind M13mp19 ssDNA hybridized to an oligonucleotide (17-60 nucleotides long) with a protruding 3'-terminus. Regardless of the size of the duplex, the DNA unwinding was significantly stimulated by RP-A, while RP-A itself did not have any DNA unwinding activity. Consequently, it appeared that the DNA polymerase alpha complex possessed a putative RP-A-dependent helicase activity.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)




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