Production of multiple forms during purification of Streptomyces aureofaciens DNA polymerase: a study using nondenaturing polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis.

Abstract:

A modified method for the detection of DNA polymerases in cell extracts and purified enzyme preparations after electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gradient cylindrical gels is described. The technique, which is based on direct assay of activity in a reaction mixture during elution of DNA polymerases from gel slices, was applied to the pursuit of enzyme forms of Streptomyces aureofaciens DNA polymerase during purification procedure. In a crude extract of S. aureofaciens mycelium many catalytically active forms of DNA polymerase ranging from 35 to 860 kDa were detected. After purification, that included mycelium homogenization, precipitation of nucleic acids by polyethylene glycol, DEAE-Sephadex, QAE-Sephadex and DNA-Sepharose chromatography, higher molecular mass forms of more than 172 kDa have not been found. The lower molecular mass forms were separated into two groups by DNA-Sepharose chromatography. On the basis of their characterization, it is assumed that the lower molecular mass forms are produced by proteolysis and the major form found after purification of S. aureofaciens DNA polymerase in the presence of suitable proteinase inhibitors should be a protein of 172 kDa.

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