Murine cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase: purification, characterization and role in the antiviral activity of acyclovir.


Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) neither induces a viral thymidine kinase ...
Murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) neither induces a viral thymidine kinase (TK) nor enhances the activity of a cellular TK. Nevertheless, MCMV is highly susceptible to 9-(2-hydroxyethoxymethyl)guanine (acyclovir, ACV). The cellular TK is neither responsible for phosphorylation of ACV nor its anti-MCMV activity. This is clear from the findings that little ACV triphosphate is formed in MCMV-infected mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEF) and that the replication of MCMV is inhibited equally well by ACV in TK+ and TK- cells. Even if trace amounts of ACV triphosphate would be formed by enzymes other than TK, and ACV triphosphate would be responsible for the anti-MCMV activity of ACV, then the MCMV DNA polymerase ought to be highly sensitive to ACV triphosphate. To examine this possibility, the MCMV DNA polymerase was partially purified and characterized. The apparent Ki value of the MCMV DNA polymerase for ACV triphosphate indicates that the sensitivity of the MCMV DNA polymerase to ACV triphosphate is equivalent to that of the HSV DNA polymerase. Therefore, the trace amounts of ACV triphosphate that are formed in MCMV-infected MEF seem to be insufficient to inhibit MCMV DNA polymerase and may not play a key role in the anti-MCMV activity of ACV.




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