Mutagenesis of conserved region I in the DNA polymerase from human adenovirus serotype 2.

Virology (1991), Volume 184, Page 235

Abstract:

The functional importance of the conserved region I (YGDTDSLF) found in several prokaryotic, eukaryotic, and viral DNA polymerases has been probed by site-directed mutagenesis of the adenovirus DNA polymerase (Ad Pol). Three different adenovirus-specific assays have been used to measure the in vitro activity of region I mutants of Ad Pol expressed in transiently transfected CMT-4 cells. In general, both conservative and nonconservative changes generally showed a greater than 5- to 10-fold reduction in activity in three different assays for activity. However, several replacements at the glycine residue showed activities closer to wild-type levels. For example, replacements of this glycine with cysteine (found in bacteriophage phi 29, another protein primed replication system), with serine, or with methionine had little effect on the activity observed in adenovirus-specific assays, such as initiation and elongation. These studies confirm the importance of this region of Ad Pol in specific initiation and elongation reactions on Ad DNA templates.

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