Interaction of simian virus 40 large T-antigen with cellular DNA polymerase alpha: studies with various T-antigen mutants of SV40.

Pistillo JM, Vishwanatha JK
Arch Virol (1991), Volume 118, Page 113
PubMed entry


Simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen binds to host cell DNA ...
Simian virus 40 (SV40) large T antigen binds to host cell DNA polymerase alpha and the T-antigen-DNA polymerase alpha complex is implicated in the initiation of viral DNA replication. We have examined various SV40 T-antigen mutants to test the correspondence between viral DNA replication and T-antigen-DNA polymerase alpha complex formation. The various SV40 T-antigen mutants were used to either infect or transfect African green monkey kidney cell line CV-1, and at different time intervals we measured the production of T-antigen and host cell DNA polymerase alpha by radioimmunoassay, complex formation by a sandwich radioimmunoassay and the amount of viral DNA synthesis by dot-blot hybridization analysis. There was a good correlation between complex formation and viral DNA synthesis in lytic mutants of SV40. Poor complex formation and correspondingly lower DNA synthesis were observed in the non-viable mutants of SV40, even though significant amounts of T-antigen and DNA polymerase alpha were present. Our results substantiate the earlier findings of T-antigen-DNA polymerase alpha complex formation and establish the need for formation of this complex in promoting viral DNA synthesis.




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