Purification and characterization of a DNA polymerase from the archaebacterium Thermoplasma acidophilum.

Eur J Biochem (1990), Volume 190, Page 517

Abstract:

A thermophilic DNA polymerase has been purified to near homogeneity from the archaebacterium Thermoplasma acidophilum. Analysis of the purified enzyme by sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis revealed a single polypeptide of 88 kDa which co-sediments with the DNA polymerase activity on sucrose gradients. Combination of sedimentation and gel filtration analyses indicates that this DNA polymerase is an 88-kDa monomeric enzyme in its native form. The DNA polymerase is resistant to aphidicolin, slightly sensitive to 2',3'-dideoxyribosylthymine triphosphate and inhibited by N-ethylmaleimide when preincubation with this reagent is performed at 65 degrees C. We find that a 3'----5' exonuclease activity is associated with the purified DNA polymerase; the two activities of the enzyme are optimal at 65 degrees C but the exonuclease activity is active in a broader range of lower temperatures and is more thermostable than the DNA polymerase activity.

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