Recognition and use of the unusual X-DNA as a primer-template by Klenow DNA polymerase enzyme.

Abstract:

Based on CD spectra, 2-amino-2'-deoxyadenosine-containing synthetic alternating DNA, poly(amino2dA-dt) undergoes a conformational transition from a B-form to a non-Z zig-zag form of DNA, called X, even under conditions where enzymes can work. Kinetic parameters of the E. coli Klenow DNA polymerase enzyme-catalyzed copying of both the B- and X-forms of poly(amino2dA-dT) have been determined. Binding affinity of X-DNA to the enzyme proved to be even higher than that of the B-DNA; primer-chain extension of X-poly(amino2dA-dT) was however hindered as compared to its B-form. This differential utilization of X-DNA versus B-DNA by a DNA polymerase is an in vitro enzymatic evidence of an unusual DNA conformation.

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