Control of DNA polymerase-alpha activity in regenerating rat liver by calcium and 1 alpha,25(OH)2D3.


The late G1 surge of DNA polymerase-alpha activity and the initiation of DNA replication in the hepatocytes of partial hepatectomy-induced regenerating liver were severely reduced when the mitogenic partial hepatectomy was carried out in the hypocalcemic and 1,25(OH)2D3 (1 alpha,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol)-deficient environment of parathyroidectomized (PTX) or thyroparathyroidectomized (TPTX) rats. These inhibitions were prevented in TPTX rats by a postpartial hepatectomy injection of 1,25(OH)2D3, which also restored blood calcium to normocalcemic levels. Inhibition of active DNA polymerase-alpha accumulation and initiation of DNA synthesis in TPTX rats were also completely prevented by prefeeding the rats a low phosphorus diet, which stopped the lowering of the blood levels of calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3 following parathyroid removal. These studies indicate that the rise of DNA polymerase-alpha activity and the initiation of DNA replication in regenerating liver are controlled by cellular processes that rely on normal blood levels of calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3. Because DNA polymerase-alpha is the third DNA replication enzyme (the others are ribonucleotide reductase and thymidylate synthase) that has been shown to depend on parathyroid hormone and/or the circulating levels of calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3 that it controls, the authors concluded that the processes dependent on calcium and 1,25(OH)2D3 are parts of a mechanism that coordinately activates the DNA-replicating enzymes. The possibility that cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent protein kinases are involved in this replication mechanism is considered.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Log in to edit reference All References

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.