We reacted uracil-containing M13mp2 DNA with N-hydroxy-2-aminofluorene to produce a template with N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-aminofluorene adducts. This template was hybridized to a non-uracil-containing linear fragment from which the lac z complementing insert had been removed to produce a gapped substrate. DNA synthesis using this substrate with the modified T7 DNA polymerase Sequenase led to an increase in the number and frequency of lac- mutations observed. Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (Kf) did not yield a comparable increase in mutation frequency or number even though both Sequenase and the E. coli polymerase had similar, low, 3'----5' exonuclease activities as compared to T4 DNA polymerase. We did not observe an increase in mutations when synthesis was attempted on a template reacted with N-acetoxy-2-(acetylamino)fluorene to give N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-2-(acetylamino)fluorene adducts. Both E. coli and T7 enzymes terminate synthesis before all (acetylamino)fluorene lesions. Only some of the putative aminofluorene adducts produced strong termination bands, and there was a difference in the pattern generated by Sequenase and E. coli pol I (Kf) using the same substrate. Analysis of the mutations obtained from Sequenase synthesis on the aminofluorene-containing templates indicated a preponderance of -1 deletions at G's and of G----T transversions.