Hormonal regulation of DNA polymerase-beta activity in the rat thyroid gland.

Abstract:

Using hypophysectomized rats, it has been shown that DNA polymerase-beta activity in the adrenal gland and testis is largely influenced by pituitary trophic hormones. Sucrose gradient centrifugation of thyroid extracts revealed three peaks of DNA polymerase-beta activity sedimenting at 3.3S, 7.3S and 12S. Of these, hypophysectomy induced a decrease in the 3.3S DNA polymerase-beta, whereas other molecular forms were affected only slightly. DNA polymerase-alpha and -gamma activities were unaffected by hypophysectomy. These changes in DNA polymerase-beta caused by hypophysectomy were reversed by daily i.p. injection of TSH. Furthermore, stimulation of the thyroid by excess TSH induced by the administration of 1-methyl-2-mercaptoimidazole resulted in an increase of all forms of thyroid DNA polymerase-beta. These results show that the level of DNA polymerase is relatively constant after hypophysectomy but that DNA polymerase-beta in the rat thyroid gland is also modulated by TSH mainly through the change of activity of the polymerase-beta which sediments at 3.3S.

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