Effects of ganglioside GM1 on DNA synthesis in isolated nuclei and on the activity of DNA polymerase alpha derived from S-phase HeLa cells.

Abstract:

Ganglioside GM1 inhibited either DNA synthesis in isolated nuclei or the activity of DNA polymerase alpha fractionated from S-phase HeLa cells. The concentrations of GM1 necessary for 50% inhibition were about 5 microM and 10 microM for nuclei and DNA polymerase alpha, respectively. The GM1 inhibition of the enzyme activity was suppressed by the addition of 0.05% Triton X-100. Neither gangliotetraosylceramide (asialo-GM1) nor free N-acetylneuraminic acid inhibited the enzyme activity. These facts suggest that GM1, probably in the form of micelles, could influence the enzyme activity by behaving as a polyanionic macromolecule. The kinetic studies indicate that the GM1 inhibition of the enzyme activity was not competitive with the substrate, deoxythymidine triphosphate, but rather with the template DNA. Binding of GM1 and DNA polymerase alpha was suggested by the cocentrifugation of GM1 and the enzyme fraction after their preincubation. It was also observed that other acidic glycolipids, i.e., brain sulphatide and seminolipid, also inhibited the enzyme activity, whilst neutral galactosylceramide did not. The inhibitory influences of these sulphate esters of glycolipids were, similarly to GM1, suppressed by the addition of 0.05% Triton X-100.

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