Mechanisms of error discrimination by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I.

el-Deiry WS, So AG, Downey KM
Biochemistry (1988), Volume 27, Page 546
PubMed entry


The mechanism of base selection by DNA polymerase I of Escherichia ...
The mechanism of base selection by DNA polymerase I of Escherichia coli has been investigated by kinetic analysis. The apparent KM for the insertion of the complementary nucleotide dATP into the hook polymer poly(dT)-oligo(dA) was found to be 6-fold lower than that for the noncomplementary nucleotide dGTP, whereas the Vmax for insertion of dATP was 1600-fold higher than that for dGTP. The ratio of Kcat/KM values for complementary and mismatched nucleotides of 10(4) demonstrates the extremely high specificity of base selection by DNA polymerase I and is in agreement with results obtained with a different template-primer, poly(dC)-oligo(dG) [El-Deiry, W. S., Downey, K. M., & So, A. G. (1984) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81, 7378]. Studies on the effects of phosphate ion on the polymerase and 3'- to 5'-exonuclease activities of DNA polymerase I showed that, whereas the polymerase activity was somewhat stimulated by phosphate, the exonuclease activity was markedly inhibited, being 50% inhibited at 25 mM phosphate and greater than 90% inhibited at 80 mM phosphate. Selective inhibition of the exonuclease activity by phosphate also resulted in inhibition of template-dependent conversion of a noncomplementary dNTP to dNMP and, consequently, markedly affected the kinetic constants for insertion of noncomplementary nucleotides. The mutagenic metal ion Mn2+ was found to affect error discrimination by both the polymerase and 3'- and 5'-exonuclease activities of DNA polymerase I.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.