Base dynamics of nitroxide-labeled thymidine analogues incorporated into (dA-dT)n by DNA polymerase I from Escherichia coli.

Biochemistry (1987), Volume 26, Page 7304

Abstract:

Nitroxide-labeled thymidine substrates (dL) for Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I (pol I) were used to synthesize spin-labeled alternating double-stranded copolymers with (dA-dT)n as a template. All dL substrates use an alkane or alkene tether substituted into the 5-position of the pyrimidine ring to link a five- or six-membered ring nitroxide to the pyrimidine base. The kinetics of dL incorporation show some tether dependence with respect to tether length and tether geometry. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of (dA-dT,dL)n duplexes directly formed by polymerization with pol I are compared with the ESR spectra of (dA)n(dT,dL)n duplexes, which are obtained after annealing of nitroxide-labeled single strands with complementary unlabeled single strands. The ESR spectra indicate that nitroxide-labeled analogues with tethers short enough to let the nitroxide ring reside in the major groove are excellent reporter groups for monitoring hybridization. A small difference between the ESR line shapes of the alternating duplexes (dA-dT,dL)n and the homopolymer duplexes (dA)n(dT,dL)n containing the same dL is detectable, suggesting the presence of subtle differences in the base dynamics between both systems. Computer simulation of the ESR spectra of the (dA-dT,dL)n duplexes was successful with the same motional model reported earlier [Kao, S.-C., & Bobst, A.M. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 5465-5469]. The thymidine motion arising from tilting and torsion of base pairs and base twisting in (dA-dT)n is similar to that in (dA)n(dT)n and is of the order of 4 ns.

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