Reduction of DNA-polymerase beta activity of CHO cells by single and combined heat treatments.


The effect of single and combined heat treatments on the activity of ...
The effect of single and combined heat treatments on the activity of DNA polymerase beta was studied in CHO cells. The activity of polymerase beta was determined by measuring the amount of [3H]TTP incorporated into activated calf thymus DNA in the presence of aphidicolin, a specific inhibitor of DNA polymerase alpha. Biphasic response curves were obtained for all temperatures tested (40-46 degrees C) showing the sensitivity to decrease during heating. A constant activation energy of Ea = 120 +/- 10 kcal/mole was found for the initial heat sensitivity, whereas the Arrhenius plot for the final sensitivity is characterized by an inflection point at 43 degrees C with Ea = 360 +/- 40 kcal/mole or Ea = 130 +/- 20 kcal/mole for temperatures below or above 43 degrees C, respectively. The observed decrease of the polymerase activity is not due to a decrease in the number of active enzyme molecules but to a change in its affinity, since the inhibition is reversible when increasing concentrations of TTP are applied. When acute or chronic thermo-tolerance was induced by a priming heat treatment at 43 degrees C for 45 min followed by a time interval at 37 degrees C for 16 h or by a preincubation at 40 degrees C for 16 h, respectively, the thermal sensitivity of polymerase beta was lowered by a factor of up to 5. By contrast, pretreatment at a higher temperature followed by a lower temperature (step-down heating) did not alter the sensitivity of polymerase beta to the second treatment. The results indicate that heat-induced cell death cannot be the consequence of the reduction of the polymerase beta activity, confirming earlier studies on this subject.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.