Inhibition of repair of X-ray-induced DNA damage by heat: the role of hyperthermic inhibition of DNA polymerase alpha activity.

Radiat Res (1987), Volume 112, Page 86

Abstract:

HeLa S3 cells growing in suspension have been used to investigate possible mechanisms underlying the inhibitory action of hyperthermia (44 degrees C) on the repair of DNA strand breaks as caused by a 6-Gy X-irradiation treatment. The role of hyperthermic inactivation of DNA polymerase alpha was investigated using the specific DNA polymerase alpha inhibitor, aphidicolin. It was found that both heat and aphidicolin (greater than or equal to 2 micrograms ml-1) could decrease DNA repair rates in a dose-dependent way. When the applications of heat and aphidicolin were combined, each at nonmaximal doses, no full additivity in effects was observed on DNA repair rates. When the heat and radiation treatment were separated in time by postheat incubation at 37 degrees C, restoration to normal repair kinetics was observed within 8 h after hyperthermia. When heat was combined with aphidicolin addition, restoration of the aphidicolin effect to control level was also observed about 8 h after hyperthermia. It is suggested that although DNA polymerase alpha seems to be involved in the repair of X-ray-induced DNA damage, and although this enzyme is partially inactivated by heat, other forms of heat damage have to be taken into account to explain the observed repair inhibition.

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