Proofreading of a mutagenic nucleotide, N4-aminodeoxycytidylic acid, by Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I.

Abstract:

N4-Aminodeoxycytidine triphosphate, a putative metabolite of N4-aminocytidine which is a potent mutagen, is incorporated, in vitro, into polynucleotides in place of dCTP and at a much lesser extent, but significantly, in place of dTTP by E. coli DNA polymerase I large fragment. The activity of the polymerase to proofread this unnatural nucleotide has now been investigated. The results indicate that the 3'-5' exonuclease in the polymerase recognizes N4-aminocytosine as an incorrect base when N4-aminocytosine is incorporated opposite adenine but the enzyme cannot distinguish N4-aminocytosine from cytosine when it is incorporated opposite guanine.

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