Mutagenic DNA repair in Escherichia coli. XIII. Proofreading exonuclease of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is not operational during UV mutagenesis.


We have introduced a mutD5 mutation (which results in defective 3'-5'-exonuclease activity of the epsilon proofreading subunit of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme) into excision-defective Escherichia coli strains with varying SOS responses to UV light. MutD5 increased the spontaneous mutation frequency in all strains tested, including recA430, umuC122::Tn5, and umuC36 derivatives. It had no effect on UV mutability or immutability in any strain or on misincorporation revealed by delayed photoreversal in UV-irradiated umuC36, umuC122::Tn5, or recA430 bacteria. It is concluded that the epsilon proofreading subunit of DNA polymerase III holoenzyme is excluded, inhibited, or inoperative during misincorporation and mutagenesis after UV.




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