[Non-canonical nucleotide exchange catalyzed by Escherichia coli DNA-polymerase I and the two-center model of the mechanism of action of this enzyme].


It is shown, that DNA hydrolysis catalyzed by E. coli DNA polymerase I ...
It is shown, that DNA hydrolysis catalyzed by E. coli DNA polymerase I is inhibited, when a reaction mixture contains one type of deoxynucleoside 5'-triphosphate (dNTP). When the reaction mixture contains [32P]dNTP, then [32P] is incorporated into DNA and v. v. (32P) from DNA is transferred into dNTP. The nucleotide exchange between DNA and dNTP in the assay mixture is observed only in the case, when the chemical nature of nucleotide residue of dNTP and that of the 3'-terminus of DNA is the same. Analysis of products of DNA hydrolysis in the presence of one type of dNTP using electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gel shows that most of the DNA molecules are terminated at the 3'-termini by the dNMP residue of the same chemical nature as the dNTP in the assay mixture. However, in some cases DNA molecules contain one additional nucleotide residue. This phenomenon can be explained by incorporation of one additional dNMP residue originating from dNTP only in those cases, when a non-typical base pairing of this nucleotide residue with a template residue readily takes place. The above-mentioned facts can be interpreted within the model for DNA hydrolysis with involvement of two intermediate covalent forms of dNMP residues with DNA polymerase I; one dNMP-intermediate should be placed at the elongation center and the other--at the hydrolysis center. The DNA hydrolysis by 3'----5' exonuclease activity of DNA polymerase I proceeds through these two covalent forms. DNA polymerases alpha from calf thymus and T4 phage do not catalyze the nucleotide exchange between DNA and dNTP from the reaction media.




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