Inhibition of DNA polymerase activity by methyl methanesulfonate.

Norman JO, Joe CO, Busbee DL
Mutation research (1986), Volume 165, Page 71
PubMed entry


Methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) inhibits both thymidine incorporation ...
Methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) inhibits both thymidine incorporation into DNA in mitogen-activated human lymphocytes and deoxythymidine triphosphate incorporation into template DNA by DNA polymerase-alpha in a cell-free system. When MMS-modified DNA was used as the template for DNA synthesis utilizing unmodified DNA polymerase-alpha, nucleotide incorporation into template DNA was not inhibited. When unmodified DNA was used as the template for DNA synthesis utilizing MMS-modified DNA polymerase-alpha, nucleotide incorporation was differentially inhibited dependent on the MMS concentration. An analysis of the kinetics of DNA polymerase-alpha inhibition showed that incorporation of all 4 deoxynucleoside triphosphates into DNA template was noncompetitively inhibited by MMS, which is consistent with nonspecific MMS modification of the enzyme. These data indicate that MMS modification of DNA polymerase-alpha alone is sufficient to inhibit the incorporation of deoxynucleoside triphosphates into template DNA in vitro. The data further indicate that alkylation of both DNA polymerase-alpha and DNA template synergistically increases inhibition of DNA synthesis.




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