Purification and characterization of two new high molecular weight forms of DNA polymerase delta.

Crute JJ, Wahl AF, Bambara RA
Biochemistry (1986), Volume 25, Page 26
PubMed entry


Two high molecular weight DNA polymerases, which we have designated ...
Two high molecular weight DNA polymerases, which we have designated delta I and delta II, have been purified from calf thymus tissue. Using Bio Rex-70, DEAE-Sephadex A-25, and DNA affinity resin chromatography followed by sucrose gradient sedimentation, we purified DNA polymerase delta I 1400-fold to a specific activity of 10 000 nmol of nucleotide incorporated h-1 mg-1, and DNA polymerase delta II was purified 4100-fold to a final specific activity of 30 000 nmol of nucleotide incorporated h-1 mg-1. The native molecular weights of DNA polymerase delta I and DNA polymerase delta II are 240 000 and 290 000, respectively. Both enzymes have similarities to other purified delta-polymerases previously reported in their ability to degrade single-stranded DNA in a 3' to 5' direction, affinity for an AMP-hexane-agarose matrix, high activity on poly(dA) X oligo(dT) template, and relative resistance to the polymerase alpha inhibitors N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)dATP and N2-(p-n-butylphenyl)dGTP. These two forms of DNA polymerase delta also share several common features with alpha-type DNA polymerases. Both calf DNA polymerase delta I and DNA polymerase delta II are similar to calf DNA polymerase alpha in molecular weight, are inhibited by the alpha-polymerase inhibitors N-ethylmaleimide and aphidicolin, contain an active DNA-dependent RNA polymerase or primase activity, display a similar extent of processive DNA synthesis, and are stimulated by millimolar concentrations of ATP. We propose that calf DNA polymerase delta I, which also has a template specificity essentially identical with that of calf DNA polymerase alpha, could be an exonuclease-containing form of a DNA replicative enzyme.




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