Recognition of sugar moieties on substrate analogues by DNA polymerase alpha 2-primase from developing cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) testes.


Several dCTP or dATP analogues, bearing an azido or amino group on 2'- or 3'-position of its sugar moiety, were examined for their inhibitory effects on DNA polymerase alpha 2-primase from developing cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou) testes, and the recognition of sugar moieties of the analogues by primase and related nucleic acid polymerases were compared. Among the dCTP analogues tested, 2'-azido-2',3'-dideoxy CTP inhibited primase strongly and RNA polymerases I and II to lesser extent. Although, the Ki value for primase was larger than those of RNA polymerases, the Ki/Km value for primase was smaller. In contrast, 3'-amino-2',3'-dideoxy CTP selectively inhibited DNA polymerase beta. In dATP analogue series, 3'-amino-3'-deoxy ATP inhibited RNA polymerases I and II very strongly to the same extent as 3'-deoxy ATP. This analogues was a more selective inhibitor for RNA polymerases I and II than 3'-dATP itself.




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