[DNA-polymerase activity and DNA synthesis in the hepatocyte nuclear matrix].

Abstract:

The comparative analysis of DNA-synthetase activity of hepatocytes, isolated nuclei and nuclear matrix from normal and regenerating rat liver was performed. The highest enrichment with newly-synthesized DNA was registered in the DNA fraction associated with the nuclear matrix both in vivo and in vitro. The functioning of DNA polymerases alpha and beta in the matrix was shown. Our results indicate that DNA polymerase beta is more firmly bound with the nuclear matrix in the cells of normal liver but this enzyme is eluted almost completely from the nuclei of regenerating liver cells. At the first moment after gamma-irradiation of rats the preferential initiation of unscheduled DNA synthesis in vivo has been observed on the nuclear skeletal structures. This may serve as an indication on the possibility that DNA repair process occurs on the nuclear matrix.

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