Control of DNA polymerase alpha, beta and gamma activities in heat- and cold-sensitive mammalian cell-cycle mutants.


Two heat-sensitive (arrested in G1 at 39.5 degrees C) and two cold-sensitive (arrested in G1 at 33 degrees C) clonal cell-cycle mutants of the murine P-815-X2 mastocytoma line were tested for DNA polymerase alpha, beta and gamma activities. After transfer of mutant cells to the respective nonpermissive temperature, DNA polymerase alpha activities decreased more slowly than relative numbers of cells in S phase. Furthermore, numbers of DNA-synthesizing cells decreased to near-zero levels, whereas polymerase alpha activities in arrested cells were as high as 15-40% of control values. After return of arrested cells to the permissive temperature, polymerase alpha activities increased essentially in parallel with relative numbers of cells in S phase. In contrast to the changes in thymidine kinase (Schneider, E., Muller, B. and Schindler, R. (1983) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 741, 77-85), the decrease of polymerase alpha during entry of cells into proliferative quiescence thus appears to be under rather relaxed control, while after return of arrested cells to the permissive temperature the increase in polymerase alpha is tightly coupled with reentry of cells into S phase. For DNA polymerase beta and gamma activities, no obvious correlation with changes in the proliferative state of cells was detected.




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