Interaction of DNA polymerase I of Escherichia coli with nucleotides. Antagonistic effects of single-stranded polynucleotide homopolymers.

Biochemistry (1985), Volume 24, Page 3618

Abstract:

Binding of deoxyribonucleoside 5'-triphosphates to DNA polymerase I of Escherichia coli was measured by using a microscale nonequilibrium dialysis method. It allowed rapid and economic measurement of dissociation constants, with negligible interfering side reactions. A stoichiometry of 1 mol of nucleoside 5'-triphosphate/mol of DNA polymerase was measured, and the occurrence of a single binding site was established, for which the nucleotides competed in the binary complex with the polymerase. Binding affinities decreased in the order dGTP greater than or equal to dATP greater than dCTP congruent to dTTP. These results are in agreement with previous findings [Englund, P. T., Huberman, J. A., Jovin, T. M., & Kornberg, A. (1969) J. Biol. Chem. 244, 3038-3044] except that, in a few cases, values of dissociation constants were smaller by factors of 2-3. The cations Mg2+ and Mn2+, as well as spermine, slightly enhanced complex stability at low levels and decreased it at high concentrations, while NaCl and Hg2+ had only destabilizing effects. Recognition between nucleoside 5'-triphosphates and nucleotide templates was studied by titration of the polymerase-[3H]dGTP complex with polynucleotide homopolymers. Complementary poly(dC) did not affect binding of dGTP, and non-complementary templates caused rejection of the nucleotide. Rejection of dGTP followed a saturation dependence with an equivalence of 110 +/- 10 monomer units of polynucleotides bound per molecule of DNA polymerase. The results favor a model by which recognition arises chiefly from the stereogeometrical fit of complementary template and nucleoside 5'-triphosphate into a rigid binding site.

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