[Physiology of the growth and supersynthesis of DNA-polymerase in Escherichia coli during 2-stage continuous cultivation].


The physiology of growth under the conditions of batch and continuous cultivation was studied with the recombinant strain of Escherichia coli CM 5199 capable of DNA polymerase I superproduction. The specific growth rate of the strain is 0.8 h-1 under the conditions of continuous cultivation which is almost 2.5 times greater than that in the exponential phase of batch cultivation. When the strain was cultivated at a flow rate above 0.3 h-1, the biomass concentration in the fermenter decreased and the culture was no more limited by the carbon source in the absence of other growth limiting components of the medium. Apparently, the metabolic product ceased to inhibit high growth rates of the culture under the conditions of continuous cultivation. The rate of DNA polymerase synthesis correlated with the specific growth rate and the respiration activity of the culture when the lambda pol A prophage was induced in the cells. The authors discuss the effectiveness of ribosome operation in the cells at a growth rate of 0.05 to 0.3 h-1 and the content of ribosomes at a higher growth rate in relation to DNA polymerase I synthesis.




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