Reactions in vitro of the DNA polymerase-primase from Xenopus laevis eggs. A role for ATP in chain elongation.

K├Ânig H, Riedel HD, Knippers R
Eur J Biochem (1983), Volume 135, Page 435
PubMed entry


A form of DNA polymerase alpha was purified several thousandfold from ...
A form of DNA polymerase alpha was purified several thousandfold from a protein extract of Xenopus laevis eggs. The enzyme effectively converts, in the presence of ribonucleoside triphosphates, a circular single-stranded phage fd DNA template into a double-stranded DNA form and, therefore, must be associated with a DNA primase. We first show by gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate that both enzymatic activities, DNA polymerase and primase, most probably reside on a greater than 100 000-Da subunit of the DNA polymerase holoenzyme. We then assayed the polymerase-primase at various template/enzyme ratios and found that the DNA complementary strand sections synthesized in vitro belong to defined size classes in the range of 600-2000 nucleotides, suggesting preferred start and/or stop sites on the fd DNA template strand. We show that the stop sites coincide with stable hairpin structures in fd DNA. We have used a fd DNA template, primed by a restriction fragment of known size, to show that the polymerase-primase stops at the first stable hairpin structure upstream from the 3'-OH primer site when the reaction was carried out at 0.1 mM ATP. However, at 2 mM ATP the enzyme was able to travers this and other stop sites on the fd DNA template strand leading to the synthesis of 2-4 times longer DNA strands. Our results suggest a role for ATP in the polymerase-primase-catalyzed chain-elongation reaction.




new topics/pols set partial results complete validated


No results available for this paper.

Entry validated by:

Using Polbase tables:


Tables may be sorted by clicking on any of the column titles. A second click reverses the sort order. <Ctrl> + click on the column titles to sort by more than one column (e.g. family then name).


It is also possible to filter the table by typing into the search box above the table. This will instantly hide lines from the table that do not contain your search text.