A DNA topoisomerase activity copurifies with the DNA polymerase induced by herpes simplex virus.

Abstract:

A DNA-relaxing enzyme was found to copurify along with herpes simplex virus type I (HSV-1)-induced DNA polymerase throughout a multistep purification scheme. Both the enzymes had similar sedimentation velocity, required high ionic strength for optimal enzymatic activities and showed time dependence of reaction. The DNA-relaxing enzyme however, differed from the HSV-1 DNA polymerase in its requirement for higher Mg2+ concentration, rATP and much broader pH dependence. Furthermore, phosphonoacetic acid, a potent inhibitor of HSV-1 DNA polymerase did not influence the DNA-relaxing activity even at a much higher concentration. On the other hand, the DNA-relaxing enzyme associated with the DNA polymerase may be specified by HSV-1 since IgG fraction of rabbit antisera against the virus-infected cells but not against the mock-infected cells strongly inhibited both the enzymatic activities. Thus, HSV-1-induced DNA polymerase which is known to be associated with a 3' to 5' exonuclease may also be associated with yet another enzymatic activity involved in DNA metabolism.

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