Incorporation of 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine-5'-triphosphate into DNA. Interactions with mammalian DNA polymerase alpha and DNA methylase.

Bouchard J, Momparler RL
Mol Pharmacol (1983), Volume 24, Page 109
PubMed entry


In order to understand further the molecular mode of action of ...
In order to understand further the molecular mode of action of 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-AZA-dCyd), a potent antileukemic agent, we prepared enzymatically 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate (5-AZA-dCTP) and performed studies with purified DNA polymerase alpha and DNA methylase from mammalian cells. DNA polymerase alpha catalyzed the incorporation of 5-AZA-dCTP into DNA. The apparent Km value for 5-AZA-dCTP was estimated to be 3.0 microM; the Km of dCTP was 2.0 microM. The apparent Vmax of 5-AZA-dCTP was slightly lower than that for dCTP. 5-AZA-dCTP was a weak competitive inhibitor (Ki 4.3 microM) with respect to dCTP. Template studies with 5-AZA-dCTP showed that this nucleotide analogue was incorporated into poly(dIC), but not into poly(dAT), suggesting that the incorporation follows the rules of Watson-Crick base pairing. Incorporation of 5-AZA-dCTP into hemimethylated DNA produced a significant inhibition of DNA methylase. These results show that 5-AZA-dCTP is a very good substrate for DNA polymerase alpha and that its incorporation into DNA inhibits DNA methylation.




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