Purification and immunological characterization of DNA polymerase-alpha from human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.

Abstract:

DNA polymerase-alpha was purified from the cytosol of blast cells of a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia by ammonium sulfate fractionation and successive column chromatographies. The purified enzyme had a specific activity of 2943 units/mg protein with activated calf thymus DNA as a template. The enzyme sediments under high-salt conditions as a homogeneous band at 7.2 S and free from other DNA polymerases (beta, gamma) and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase activity. The native molecular weight of the enzyme from gel filtration and glycerol gradient centrifugation was found to be 175 000. The values of Stokes radius (53 A), diffusion coefficient (4.05 x 10(-7) cm2/s) and frictional ratio (1.42) determined by gel filtration suggest that the native enzyme is compact and globular. Antibodies to DNA polymerase-alpha were raised in rabbits. These antibodies, partially purified by 50% ammonium sulfate saturation and Sephadex G-200 chromatography, gave one precipitin band on immunodiffusion and inactivate DNA polymerase-alpha-. This antibody preparation also inhibited, in vitro, the activity of DNA polymerase-alpha from calf thymus, phytohemagglutinin-stimulated normal human lymphocytes, as well as that from other leukemic cells. Thus, DNA polymerase-alpha from calf thymus and human leukemic cells resemble each other in antibody specificity.

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