DNA polymerase and thymidine kinase activities in MC-29 virus-induced transplantable hepatoma and the effect of cytostatic treatment of these activities.


The activity of DNA polymerases and thymidine kinase was compared in ...
The activity of DNA polymerases and thymidine kinase was compared in the MC-29 leukosis virus-induced transplantable hepatoma and in the livers of rats treated with cyclophosphamide (CP), cytosine-arabinoside (ara-C) and 5-fluoro-uracil (5-FU). The specific activity of DNA polymerase was twenty times greater in the MC-29 leukosis virus-induced hepatoma, while thymidine kinase was only 3-5 times greater than in liver. All three enzymes showed Michaelis-Menten kinetics in their substrate and template saturation curves. The template utilization of DNA polymerases from hepatoma and from liver was compared. Both had higher activities on a poly(dA) . poly(dT) template at pH 8.0, than on DNA at pH 7.5. After chromatography on a phosphocellulose column two polymerases were separated. The first peak eluted by 0.15 m KCl preferred DNA as template (polymerase alpha). The second eluted by 0.5 M KCl worked better on poly(dA) . poly(dT) (polymerase beta). Thymidine kinase was eluted by 0.25 m KCl. Inhibition by N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) showed the polymerase alpha to be sensitive and the polymerase beta to be resistant to the sulfhydryl blocking agent; similar to the respective enzymes of other eukaryotic cells. The specific activity of DNA polymerase decreased after CP treatment at 6 h and 72 h and after ara-C treatment at 72 h. The specific activities of thymidine kinase were not changed significantly in response to the drug administrations.




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