Inactivation of DNA-polymerase associated with hepatitis B virus.

Nath N, Fang CT, Dodd RY
J Med Virol (1982), Volume 10, Page 131
PubMed entry


The effects of heat, sodium hypochlorite, diethyl ether, and ethyl ...
The effects of heat, sodium hypochlorite, diethyl ether, and ethyl alcohol on the activity of DNA polymerase (DNA-P) associated with hepatitis B virsus (HBV) in serum were evaluated. The response of DNA-P to heating at 60 degrees C for 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 180, and 240 minutes was studied and the data suggested that there may be two types of DNA-P. The majority of DNA-P was type 'a', and it showed a one log reduction (D60) at 60 degrees C in 36 minutes, while the remaining activity was type 'b' that showed a one log reduction (D60) in 340 minutes. Treatment of DNA-P with sodium hypochlorite at concentrations of 250 and 500 parts per million (ppm) of available chlorine resulted in a 20 to 25% reduction in DNA-P activity within one minute. Complete loss in detectable DNA-P activity occurred within one minute when available Cl- was 2500 ppm or greater. Various concentrations of ethyl alcohol (ranging from 10 to 70%) caused gradually increasing inactivation of DNA-P activity in ten minutes at 4 degrees C. Ninety percent inactivation occurred with 60% alcohol. Overnight treatment of DNA-P-reactive material with diethyl ether at 4 degrees C led to loss of detectable activity. A reduction in the titer of HBsAg was found following treatment with alcohol or ether. The possible use of DNA-P assay as an indicator of the rate of inactivation of HBV is proposed.




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