Effects of estrogen and antiestrogen on DNA polymerase in human breast cancer.


We have investigated the effects of estrogens and antiestrogens on ...
We have investigated the effects of estrogens and antiestrogens on cellular DNA-dependent DNA polymerase activity in human breast cancer, using as a model the MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line which contains estrogen receptor. 17 beta-Estradiol had little if any effect on cytosol DNA polymerase activity or growth (total DNA per flask) of MCF-7 cells. Incubation of the cells for 4 to 6 days with the antiestrogen nafoxidine, however, resulted in a dose-dependent reduction in cytosol DNA polymerase activity to one-half that observed in untreated cells. Enzyme activity in antiestrogen-treated cells was restored to levels contained in untreated cells by removing antiestrogen from the growth medium and incubating the cells for an additional 4 days with 17 beta-estradiol. The restoration required estrogenic steroids specifically, and the time course, magnitude, and dose dependence of the response were similar to estrogen-stimulated increases in DNA polymerase activity described in other estrogen target tissues. Estrogen-mediated reversal of antiestrogen suppression of DNA polymerase activity was paralleled by increases in total DNA synthesis.




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