Isolation of a DNA polymerase alpha-associated regulatory protein from calf thymus.

Abstract:

A regulatory protein for DNA polymerase alpha, responsive to noncomplementary deoxyribonucleoside triphosphates, has been isolated from calf thymus. The regulatory protein was separated from DNA polymerase alpha using Affi-Gel Blue and gel filtration. The regulatory protein had a molecular weight of approximately 70,000 as determined by gel filtration, and its activity was nondialyzable, heat labile, and abolished by pronase treatment. In the presence of regulatory protein, DNA polymerase alpha activity, measured by using polydeoxyadenylate-oligodeoxythymidylate as template primer, was inhibited by 2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate in a parabolic-competitive fashion [Ki = 15 +/- 1 (S.E.) microM] and by 2'-deoxycytidine 5'-triphosphate in a linear-competitive manner (Ki = 162 +/- 23 microM). Neither the four natural ribonucleoside triphosphates nor 2'-deoxyadenosine 5'-triphosphate inhibited the DNA polymerase-regulatory protein system to any significant extent. The regulatory protein by itself had no effect on either DNA polymerase alpha activity or the Km for template primer. These results indicate that deoxyribonucleoside triphosphate pools may be involved in the regulation of cellular DNA synthesis through a direct effect on DNA polymerization.

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