Replication of bacteriophage M13. XIV. Differential inhibition of the replication of M13 and M13 miniphage in a mutant of Escherichia coli defective in the 5' leads to 3' exonuclease associated with DNA polymerase I.

J Virol (1978), Volume 28, Page 679

Abstract:

Previous studies have shown that M13 single-strand synthesis is inhibited at nonpermissive temperature in Escherichia coli polAexl, a temperature-sensitive mutant defective in the 5' leads to 3' exonuclease activity of polymerase I (T.-C. Chen and D. S. Ray, J. Mol. Biol. 106:589-604, 1976). Under these conditions the formation of covalently closed replicative form (RF) molecules is greatly reduced, and miniature forms of RF accumulate. We show here that the accumulation of mini-RFs is the consequence of a differential inhibition of the replication of unit-length phage and preexisting miniphage rather than a de novo production of miniphage. Mini-RFs do not accumulate even after as many as nine cycles of growth in the mutant host infected only with unit-length phage. Mixed infections of the mutant host with plaque-purified unit-length phage and a single cloned miniphage show that discontinuities in the mini-RFs are joined with higher efficiency than are those contained in unit-length RFs. After a shift to nonpermissive temperature during single-strand synthesis in cells infected with plaque-purified phage alone, M13 RFs are found largely as RFII molecules (RF form having one or more single-strand discontinuities) containing only a single discontinuity in the viral strand. The inability of the accumulated unit-length RFII molecules to actively replicate may reflect the presence of either a bound protein or RNA primer on the 5' terminus of the viral strand and provides further support for the existence of distinct initiation and termination events in the synthesis of the viral strand.

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