Excision-repair in mutants of Escherichia coli deficient in DNA polymerase I and/or its associated 5' leads to 3' exonuclease.

Cooper P
Mol Gen Genet (1977), Volume 150, Page 1
PubMed entry


The ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity of Escherichia coli mutants deficient ...
The ultraviolet (UV) sensitivity of Escherichia coli mutants deficient in the 5' leads to 3' exonuclease activity of DNA polymerase I is intermediate between that of pol+ strains and mutants which are deficient in the polymerizing activity of pol I (polA1). Like polA1 mutants, the 5'-exonclease deficient mutants exhibit increased UV-induced DNA degradation and increased repair synthesis compared to a pol+ strain, although the increase is not as great as in polA1 or in the conditionally lethal mutant BT4113ts deficient in both polymerase I activities. When dimer excision was measured at UV doses low enough to avoid interference from extensive DNA degradation, all three classes of polymerase I deficient mutants were found to remove dimers efficiently from their DNA. We conclude that enzymes alternative to polymerase I can operate in both the excision and resynthesis steps of excision repair and that substitution for either of the polymerase I functions results in longer patches of repair. A model is proposed detailing the possible events in the alternative pathways.




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