Characterization of DNA polymerase associated with nuclear membrane fractions from uninfected and adenovirus 2-infected KB cells.

Abstract:

We have isolated a nuclear membrane fraction from KB cells infected with human adenovirus 2 that synthesizes exclusively small viral DNA chains (approx. 9 S) in vitro (Yamashita, T., Arens, M. and Green, M. (1975) J. Biol. Chem. 250, 3273-3279). The DNA polymerase activity present in the adenovirus 2 DNA-nuclear membrane complex was purified through chromatography on phosphocellulose and DEAE-cellulose, glycerol gradient centrifuation and DNA-cellulose chromatography. A single peak of enzymatic activity sedimented in glycerol gradients at about 6.7 S which corresponds to a molecular weight of 125000. The enzyme preparation in the step of glycerol gradient centrifugation utilized activated calf thymus, KB cell and adenovirus 2 DNA as template-primer in the presence of Mg2+; Km values for these DNAs were 5.5, 4.0, and 0.8 mug/ml, respectively. The partially purified enzyme preparation was characterized by several criteria which were compared to the properties of the three major mammalian DNA polymerases, alpha, beta, and psi. On the basis of template-primer preference, effect of salt, inhibition by N-ethylmaleimide and Km for dTTP, the DNA polymerase activity from the membrane complex can be distinguished from the alpha and beta DNA polymerases. The elution profile from DNA cellulose revealed a minor peak (I) and a major peak (II) of DNA polymerase activity utilizing poly(A) -(dT)10 as template-primer in the presence of Mn2+ - Peak II from DNA cellulose, which contained about 90% of the total DNA polymerase activity eluted from the column, was 2-3 times as active with poly(A) - (dT)10 as template-primer in the presence of Mn2+ than with activated calf thymus DNA in the presence of Mg2+. On the other hand, peak I had a low ratio of poly(A) - (dT)10 to activated calf thymus DNA activity. DNA polymerase was also purified from the nuclear membrane fraction of uninfected KB cells by the same procedures as those used in enzyme purification from the adenovirus 2 DNA-nuclear membrane complex. A minor peak and a major peak of DNA polymerase activity utilizing poly(A) - (dT)10 as template primer in the presence of Mn2+ were again observed that eluted from DNA cellulose at the same KCl concentrations as peak I and II from adenovirus 2-infected cells. The enzymes of the nuclear membrane fraction of uninfected KB cells could not be differentiated from the enzymes of the adenovirus 2 DNA-nuclear membrane complex through any of the purification steps nor by their template specificities. These results indicate that the predominant enzyme in the adenovirus 2 DNA-nuclear membrane complex and in the KB cell nuclear membrane complex belongs to the class of DNA polymerase psi.

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