Modulation of base excision repair by low density lipoprotein, oxidized low density lipoprotein and antioxidants in mouse monocytes.

Abstract:

In the present study, we found that oxidized low density lipoprotein, but not low density lipoprotein, down-regulated base excision repair activity in extracts of mouse monocyte cell line PU5-1.8. An enzyme required in this pathway, DNA polymerase beta, was also down-regulated. In contrast, treatment of monocytes with a combination of ascorbate and alpha-tocopherol up-regulated base excision repair activity and expression of DNA polymerase beta. Co-treatment of monocytes with antioxidants plus oxidized low density lipoprotein prevented down-regulation by oxidized low density lipoprotein. Oxidative DNA damage, as measured by 8-hydroxyguanine accumulation in genomic DNA, was found in cells treated with oxidized low density lipoprotein; 8-hydroxyguanine was not found in the cells treated with low density lipoprotein, antioxidants or oxidized low density lipoprotein plus antioxidants. These results establish a linkage between the DNA base excision repair pathway, oxidative DNA damage and oxidized low density lipoprotein treatment in mouse monocytes. Since oxidized low density lipoprotein is implicated in chronic disease conditions such as atherogenesis, these findings facilitate understanding of genetic toxicology mechanisms related to human health and disease.

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