On the fidelity of DNA replication: manganese mutagenesis in vitro.

Biochemistry (1985), Volume 24, Page 5810

Abstract:

Manganese is mutagenic in vivo and in vitro in studies with a variety of enzymes and templates. Using Escherichia coli DNA polymerase I with poly[d(A-T)] and phi X174 DNA templates, we analyzed the mechanism of manganese mutagenesis by determining the dependence of error rate on free Mn2+ concentration and comparing this to measured dissociation constants of Mn2+ from enzyme, template, and deoxynucleoside triphosphate substrates. This comparison suggests several conclusions: (1) At very low Mn2+ concentrations, the enzyme is activated at high fidelity. Thus, it is unlikely that activation with manganese per se significantly alters the conformation of the enzyme so as to affect nucleotide selection. (2) At low free Mn2+ concentrations (less than 100 microM), manganese causes errors in incorporation via its interaction with the DNA template. The concentration dependence of mutagenesis is determined by the strength of binding Mn2+ to the particular DNA template used. The data do not allow one to rule out the possibility that Mn2+-deoxynucleoside triphosphate interactions contribute to mutagenesis in selected situations. This range of free Mn2+ concentrations is the one of greatest relevance for in vivo mutagenesis. (3) At higher concentrations (between 500 microM and 1.5 mM), further mutagenesis by Mn2+ occurs. This mutagenesis probably is due either to binding of manganese to single-stranded regions within the DNA or to weak accessory sites on the enzyme.

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