Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 inhibits strand-displacement synthesis of DNA catalyzed by DNA polymerase beta.

Abstract:

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), a eucaryotic nuclear DNA-binding protein that is activated by breaks in DNA chains, may be involved in the base excision repair (BER) because DNAs containing single-stranded gaps and breaks are intermediates of BER. The effect of PARP-1 on the DNA synthesis catalyzed in vitro by DNA polymerase beta (pol beta) was studied using analogs of DNA substrates produced during BER and imitating intermediates of the short patch and long patch subpathways of BER. Oligonucleotide duplexes of 34 bp that contained a mononucleotide gap or a single-strand break with tetrahydrofuran phosphate or phosphate at the 5;-end of the downstream oligonucleotide were taken as DNA substrates. The efficiency of DNA synthesis was determined at various ratios of pol beta and PARP-1. The efficiency of gap filling was decreased in the presence of PARP-1, but strand-displacement DNA synthesis was inhibited significantly stronger, which seemed to be due to competition between PARP-1 and pol beta for DNA. In the presence of NAD+ and single-strand breaks in DNA, PARP-1 catalyzes the synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) covalently attached to the enzyme, and this automodification is thought to provide for dissociation of PARP-1 from DNA. The effect of PARP-1 automodification on inhibition of DNA synthesis was studied, and efficiency of mononucleotide gap filling was shown to be restored, but strand-displacement synthesis did not revert to the level observed in the absence of PARP-1. PARP-1 is suggested to regulate the interaction between pol beta and DNA, in particular, via its own automodification.

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