Immunochemical studies of DNA polymerase delta: relationships with DNA polymerase alpha.

Abstract:

A panel of murine hybridoma cell lines which produce antibodies against polypeptides present in human placental DNA polymerase delta preparations was developed. Eight of these antibodies were characterized by virtue of their ability to inhibit DNA polymerase delta activity and immunoblot the 170-kDa catalytic polypeptide. Six of these eight antibodies inhibit DNA polymerase delta but not DNA polymerase alpha, showing that the two proteins are distinct. However, the other two monoclonal antibodies inhibited both DNA polymerase delta and alpha activities, providing the first evidence that these two proteins have a structural relationship. In addition to antibodies against the catalytic polypeptide we also identified 11 antibodies which recognize 120-, 100-, 88-, 75-, 62-, 36-, and 22-kDa polypeptides in DNA polymerase delta preparations, suggesting that these proteins might be part of a replication complex. The antibody to the 36-kDa polypeptide was shown to be directed against proliferating cell nuclear antigen/cyclin. These antibodies should prove useful for studies aimed at distinguishing between DNA polymerases alpha and delta and for the investigation of the functional roles of DNA polymerase delta polypeptides.

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